Osteochondrosis: treatment, symptoms
- What is osteochondrosis?
- Treatment of osteochondrosis
What is osteochondrosis?
Osteochondrosis – it is disease of the spine, expressed by degenerative-dystrophic changes of separate vertebraes and/or spine generally. In osteochondrosis grow osteophytes (hooks, bony growths), but not salt, as people say. The spine become like bamboo-shaped wand and didn’t do his functions. In this disease the vertebrae have a «saddle shape». The elastic properties of intervertebral discs gradually deteriorate decreases the distance between the vertebrae, outgoing nerve roots clamped by them. That is why, there is a pain and edema happens that leading to greater infringement of the nerve root and increasing pain.
Causes of osteochondrosis can be a lot of factors. There are stress, hypothermia, overheating, physical stress, hereditary or congenital vertebral defects, trauma, metabolic diseases because of malnutrition, scoliosis at an earlier age.
Symptoms of osteochondrosis
Such osteochondrosis is often accompanied by vertebrobasilar insufficiency (cerebral circulation impairment). Patient has problems with vestibular apparatus limitation of motion in the cervical spine, dizziness, constant sense of discomfort in the neck area of the spine, numbness in hands etc. Frequently, patients are diagnosed of vegetovascular dystonia. If you will not treat cervical degenerative disc disease timely, it can be complicated by intervertebral hernia and treatment becomes longer.
Disease can leads to difficulty breathing and cardiac abnormalities. Frequently such patients have symptoms of angina, asthma. Patients have a “surfacing” breath because of the pain in thoracic spine, between the shoulder blades and it is hard to breathe deeply in the sternum. After laboratory examination they discovered, that everything is alright with their heart and lungs. The main reasons of this pain are: osteochondrosis and intercostals neuralgia — vertebral cardiomyopathy. Osteochondrosis in the lower thoracic vertebrae can cause pain in the stomach, pancreas, liver, etc. Treatment of thoracic osteochondrosis includes: correct of the spine, manual therapy, strengthening of the muscular system etc.
Work of the digestive system and kidneys are disrupted, it may develop prostate (in men) or adnexitis ovaries (in women). Such patient frequently can have pain, what remember attack of gastritis colitis; cholelithiasis, pain may «gives» in the kidneys or bladder; sciatica — lumbago, sciatica (pain in legs). Lumbar osteochondrosis is most susceptible to osteochondrosis, it is necessary to notice during the treatment and in recovery period does not overload back.
Treatment of osteochondrosis
Medication of osteochondrosis especially that aimed at calming of the pain or removal of inflammation is not always effective. Sometimes massage, physiotherapy and taking of biostimulants are not help, but harm. All this procedures gives relief only for a time, at that time, degenerative-dystrophic changes are progresses to an irreversible phase. Age haven’t any influence at osteochondrosis, it can be seen on X-ray pictures of 14 years old teenagers and at the X-rays pictures of 60 years old peoples. With the purpose of prophylaxis of osteochondrosis it is necessary to eliminate cause after childbirth. What it is why there is an expression: «All the diseases from childhood.»
In osteochondrosis, at first it is necessary to correct the spine, put it in the right position, then the load on the spine is evenly distributed as it possible. To prevent exacerbations (especially at autumn-winter period) you should to go to experienced manual therapist. You need to do prescribed by your therapist physical exercises for strengthen the abdominal muscles and back what support the spine in the correct position. It is necessary to work out the correct posture when sitting on a chair learn how to get out of bed and get in. By the way, bed should be not hard and not soft, but semirigid. You should to avoid lifting heavy loads. It is necessary to eat right: patients with osteochondrosis contraindicated salt-free diet, hay diet, fasting. You should to eat all in the moderate amount.
And remember, the best treatment – it is timely prevention of healthy spine and organism generally.
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